Windows 7 - Commands

"Windows 7's built-in command interpreter."

Windows 7 (like all versions of Windows) has a built-in set of commands that you can run from the command line prompt. These tools allow you to manually perform administration tasks on your system. The command interpreter can be started by first clicking the Start button. Select the 'Run' option. Then, type 'cmd' into the box and press Return. The command interpreter window should then open on your screen. Place your cursor inside of this window and click once. You should see a blinking cursor next to the command prompt.

To display more Help information about a command, or to see what options and parameters that you can use with a command, type the <command> name, a space, a slash and a question mark ( /? ) and press Return. For example: cd /?

You can also see a complete listing of all commands by simply typing help and press Return at the command prompt.

ASSOC Displays or modifies file extension associations
ATTRIB Displays or changes file attributes
BREAK Sets or clears extended CTRL+C checking
BCEDIT Sets properties in boot database to control boot loading
BOOTCFG Configure, query, change or delete the boot entry settings in the BOOT.INI file
CACLS Displays or modifies access control lists (ACLs) of files
CALL Calls one batch program from another
CD Displays the name of or changes the current directory
CHCP Displays or sets the active code page number
CHDIR Displays the name of or changes the current directory
CHKDSK Checks a disk and displays a status report
CHKNTFS Displays or modifies the checking of disk at boot time
CLS Clears the screen
CMD Starts a new instance of the Windows command interpreter
CIPHER Configure file and folder encryption options on NTFS file systems
COLOR Sets the default console foreground and background colors
COMP Compares the contents of two files or sets of files
COMPACT Displays or alters the compression of files on NTFS partitions
CONVERT Converts FAT volumes to NTFS. You cannot convert the current drive
COPY Copies one or more files to another location
DATE Displays or sets the date
DEFRAG Defragment a disk drive
DEL Deletes one or more files
DIR Displays a list of files and subdirectories in a directory
DISKCOMP Compares the contents of two floppy disks
DISKCOPY Copies the contents of one floppy disk to another
DISKPART Displays or configures Disk Partition properties
DOSKEY Edits command lines, recalls Windows commands, and creates macros
DRIVERQUERY Displays current device driver status and properties
ECHO Displays messages or turns command echoing on or off
ENDLOCAL Ends localization of environment changes in a batch file
ERASE Deletes one or more files
EXIT Quits the CMDEXE program (command interpreter)
FC Compares two files, or sets of files, and displays the differences between them
FIND Searches for a text string in a file or files
FINDSTR Searches for strings in files
FOR Runs a specified command for each file in a set of files
FORMAT Formats a disk for use with Windows
FSUTIL Displays or configures the file system properties
FTYPE Displays or modifies file types used in file extension associations
GETMAC Get MAC address(es) of installed network adapters
GOTO Directs the Windows command interpreter to a labeled line in a batch program
GPRESULT Displays Group Policy information for machine or user
GRAFTABL Enables Windows to display an extended character set in graphics mode
HELP Provides Help information for Windows commands
ICACLS Display, modify, backup, or restore ACLs for files and directories
IF Performs conditional processing in batch programs
LABEL Creates, changes, or deletes the volume label of a disk
LOGMAN Logman manages the "Performance Logs and Alerts" service
MD Creates a directory
MKDIR Creates a directory
MKLINK Creates Symbolic Links and Hard Links
MMC Start a new Microsoft Management Console
MODE Configures a system device
MORE Displays output one screen at a time
MOVE Moves one or more files from one directory to another directory
MSCONFIG NOTE: use RUN command to launch – System configuration tool GUI
MSIEXEC Windows installer command line tool
NETSH Manage network configuration tasks
NETSTAT Displays protocol statistics and current TCP/IP network connections
OPENFILES Displays files opened by remote users for a file share
PAGEFILECONFIG CSCRIPT command to manage the pagefile(s)
PATH Displays or sets a search path for executable files
PAUSE Suspends processing of a batch file and displays a message
PERFMON NOTE: use RUN command to launch – GUI performance monitor tool
POPD Restores the previous value of the current directory saved by PUSHD
PRINT Prints a text file
PRNCNFG CSCRIPT command to run Printer configuration tool
PRNJOBS CSCRIPT command to run Printer configuration tool
PRNMNGR CSCRIPT command to run Printer configuration tool
PRNPORT CSCRIPT command to run Printer configuration tool
PRNQCTL CSCRIPT command to run Printer configuration tool
PROMPT Changes the Windows command prompt
PUSHD Saves the current directory then changes it
RD Removes a directory
RECOVER Recovers readable information from a bad or defective disk
RELOG Creates new performance logs from data in existing performance logs
REM Record user comments in batch files or in CONFIGSYS
REN Renames a file or files
RENAME Renames a file or files
REPLACE Replaces files
RMDIR Removes a directory
ROBOCOPY Advanced utility to copy files and directory trees
RUNAS Run in a different user security context
SET Displays, sets, or removes Windows environment variables
SETLOCAL Begins localization of environment changes in a batch file
SC Displays or configures services (background processes)
SCHTASKS Schedules commands and programs to run on a computer
SHIFT Shifts the position of replaceable parameters in batch files
SHUTDOWN Allows proper local or remote shutdown of machine
SORT Sorts input
START Starts a separate window to run a specified program or command
SUBST Associates a path with a drive letter
SYSTEMINFO Displays machine specific properties and configuration
TASKLIST Displays all currently running tasks including services
TASKKILL Kill or stop a running process or application
TIME Displays or sets the system time
TITLE Sets the window title for a CMDEXE session
TRACERPT Processes binary Event Trace Session log files or real-time streams from instrumented Event Trace providers
TREE Graphically displays the directory structure of a drive or path
TYPE Displays the contents of a text file
TYPEPERF Writes performance data to the command window or to a log file
VER Displays the Windows version (text format)
VERIFY Tells Windows whether to verify that your files are written correctly to a disk
VOL Displays a disk volume label and serial number
XCOPY Copies files and directory trees to a new location
WMIC Displays WMI information inside interactive command shell